The 322d EOG holds the lineage, history and honors of the '''332d Fighter Group''', the . The title Tuskegee Airmen refers to all who trained in the groundbreaking pilot training program at and , Alabama, between 1941 and 1945. It includes pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance and support staff, instructors and all the personnel who kept the planes in the air.
The 332d Fighter Group was supposed to have been relieved as the I.P. by another fighter group, but the relieving unit failed to make the rendezvous. Despite low fuel and ammunition, the 332d stayed with the bombers. Closer to the target, the bombers were attacked by another formation of German jet fighters which were successfully fought off by the 332d pilots.
Constituted as the '''332d Fighter Group''' on 4 July 1942, then activated on 13 October. Consisted of the 100th, 301st and 302d Fighter Squadrons at , Alabama. Trained with and aircraft for an extended period of time as the Army Air Forces was reluctant to deploy African-American fighter pilots to an overseas combat theater. The pre-dates the 332d Fighter Group, being formed on 19 February 1942. The 100th carried out advanced fighter training of graduates of the Tuskegee Institute primary and basic flight training programs for African-American flight cadets at nearby . The first class (42-C) of twelve cadets included student officer Captain , who served as Commandant of Cadets, began training on 19 July 1941.
After difficulty in establishing a core of African American pilots and ground crews and providing for training at Tuskegee AAF and stations in Michigan, by April 1943, the 332d Fighter Group deployed to in the . The group's first combat assignment involved attacking enemy units on the strategic volcanic island of in the , to clear the sea lanes for the in July 1943. The air assault on the island began on 30 May 1943. The assignment to a predominately ground attack role prevented the 99th from engaging in air-to-air combat.