4. – a budding method which can be used to plants or stems with barks that do not readily separate from the wood as in Citrus spp. It involves the removal of a chip of bark (~1.5-2.5 cm) with a small piece of wood attached from a portion between nodes of a young stem of the rootstock. This is done through a downward and inward stroke of a knife such that the base thereof is up to about one-fourth of the thickness of the stem (the cut does not penetrate the pith). The bottom cut is then connected by a second inward cut at an angle of about 45 degrees. This chip is replaced by another of the same size and shape which contains a bud from a budstick. Alternatively, the sequencing of the first and second cuts may be swapped.
1. - a budding method in which incisions are made in the bark of the rootstock to form the shape of a letter “T” with one horizontal cut and another downward cut that originates from the center of the first cut.
Grafting and budding are methods of asexual plant propagation that join plant parts so they will grow as one plant. These techniques are used to propagate cultivars that will not root well as cuttings or whose own root systems are inadequate. One or more new cultivars can be added to existing fruit and nut trees by grafting or budding.
This budding method can be used when the bark is not slipping. Slice downward into the rootstock at a 45o angle through 1/4 of the wood. Make a second cut upward from the first cut, about one inch. Remove a bud and attending chip of bark and wood from the scion shaped so that it fits the rootstock wound. Fit the bud chip to the stock and wrap the union.