suggests that the entire Hunnic thrust into and the was an attempt to subdue independent Goths in the west. Ermanaric committed suicide, and the Greuthungi fell under Hunnic dominance. Shortly afterwards, the Huns fell upon the Thervingi, whose staunchly pagan ruler, , sought refuge in the mountains. Meanwhile, the Thervingian rebel chieftain approached the Eastern Roman Emperor in 376 with a portion of his people and asked to be allowed to settle with his people on the south bank of the Danube. Valens permitted this, and even assisted the Goths in their crossing of the river (probably at the fortress of ).
Following a famine the ensued, where the Goths and some of the local Thracians rebelled. The Roman Emperor Valens was killed at the in 378. Following the decisive Gothic victory at Adrianople, Julius, the , organized a widescale massacre of Goths in Asia Minor, and other parts of the Roman East. Fearing rebellion, Julian lured the Goths into the confines of urban streets from which they could not escape and massacred soldiers and civilians alike. As word spread among the Goths rioted throughout the region, and large numbers were killed. Kulikowski suggests that survivors of the massacre settled in Phrygia.
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domination of the Gothic kingdoms in Scythia began in the 370s according to . and confirmed by the and the later . Major sources for this period of Gothic history include ' , which mentions Gothic involvement in the civil war between emperors Procopius and of 365 and recounts the . Around 375 AD the overran the and then the Goths. It is possible that the Hunnic attack came as a response to the Gothic eastwards expansion.
Both the Greuthungi and Thervingi became heavily Romanized during the 4th Century. This came about through trade with the Romans, as well as through Gothic membership of a military covenant, which was based in Byzantium and involved pledges of military assistance. Reportedly, 40,000 Goths were brought by to defend in his later reign, and the Palace Guard was mostly composed of soldiers, as the quality and quantity of the native Romans troops kept declining. The Goths were converted to by during this time.