1) A description of the oil distillation in Khandesh can be found in the book Pharmacographia indica by Dymock, Warden and Hooper, part VI, p. 558; comp. Arch, der Pharm. 234 (1896), 321.
In Dymock's Mat. Medica. of W. I., (2nd edition, p. 7), it is said:—"The English notices of this are to be found in Hindu works on Materia Medica, Shârangdhar and Chakradatt, where it is recommended as a remedy in fevers, diarrhœa, dyspepsia and cough, also as an alexipharmic." "The author of the Makhzan-ul-Adwiya says it is aphrodisiacal and tonic, checks diarrhœa and removes corrupt bile." Up to very recently, English physicians in India administered it as an antiperiodic in doses of about 30 grains, every 6 or 4 hours. Dr. M. Sheriff considers that the ordinary doses are only useful as a tonic, and that 2 drams or more should be given as an antiperiodic. Probably, says Dr. Dymock, the native estimate of the drug, as given above from the Makhzan, is not far from truth, , that it is tonic and digestive and often useful in dyspepsia with diarrhœa (Pharmacographia Indica, Vol. I., p. 16, 1890, Bombay). Dr. Tribhuvandas M. Shah of Junagadh says it is anthelmintic and antifebrile, in doses of 10-30 grains. It can be given to children in fevers.
Dymock, in his classic Pharmacographia Indica (1890), mentions that the Hindus consider garlic to be “tonic, hot, digestive, aperient, cholagogue and alterative.” In fact, garlic was known as “mahoushudha” in Sanscrit, which means panacea. In China, garlic has been popular since time immemorial. An ancient legend tells the story of the Yellow Emperor, Huang-ti, who got poisened by eating a plant called yu-yu, but after eating the garlic he found growing on the spot, his life was saved.
Desmodium gar Omocarpum set Amygdalua c Bryophyllum calycinum ., Brugniera, Rhizophora and KanCORRIGENDA IN VOL. Page 24., ISth line from top, for Aitcheson read Aitchi fur :: m-Aumls 26 seers 1 cliittack read about 3 maunds 35 seers, /or of 85° F. read at 85 °F. for 1876 and 1877 read 1886 and 1887. /or Hills read Hulls. for one-fourth read one-tenth. for RUTACE,E read BURSERACE/K. .for natural n(id neutraltor .Inly -J7 insert 1889. r catechu tea • PHARMACOGRAPHIA INDICA. HISTORY OF THE PRINCIPAL DRUGS OF VEGETABLE QRIGIN, BRITISH INDIA. WILLIAM J/MOCX. C. J. H. WARDEN, DAVID HOOPER, Hontooit:—TRUBNER & Co. Bombao;—EDUCATION SOCIETY'S PRESS, EYCULLA. PREFACE. THE available information concerning the drugs medicinal plants of India is scattered throng number of books and periodicals in various langua as well as official documents, which have only ha very limited circulation. The authors of the work now presented to the pu have endeavoured to collect and verify this informat and supplement it where deficient by original invest tion especially directed towards the elucidation of chemical composition and physiological action of plants and drugs.