Exploration of the area now included in the United States was spurred after Christopher , sailing for the Spanish monarchy, made his voyage in 1492. John explored the North American coast for England in 1498. Men who were important explorers for Spain in what now constitutes the United States include , , Hernando , and ; important explorers for France were Giovanni da , Samuel de , Louis , Jacques , and . These three nations—England, Spain, and France—were the chief nations to establish colonies in the present United States, although others also took part, especially the Netherlands in the establishment of (explored by Henry ), which became New York, and Sweden in a colony on the Delaware River (see ).
The first permanent settlement in the present United States was (Florida), founded in 1565 by the Spaniard Pedro . Spanish control came to be exercised over Florida, West Florida, Texas, and a large part of the Southwest, including California. For the purposes of finding precious metals and of converting heathens to Catholicism, the Spanish colonies in the present United States were relatively unfruitful and thus were never fully developed. The French established strongholds on the St. Lawrence River (Quebec and Montreal) and spread their influence over the Great Lakes country and along the Mississippi; the colony of Louisiana was a flourishing French settlement. The French government, like the Spanish, tolerated only the Catholic faith, and it implanted the rigid and feudalistic seignorial system of France in its North American possessions. Partly for these reasons, the French settlements attracted few colonists.
Nystrom Civil War to Present United States History Map Chart measuring 54 in x 45 in is for grades 4 to 12 and is mounted on a flip chart with tripod. Chart covers history from the earliest civilizations to current events and is printed on durable, tear resistant stock. Bright, uncluttered history map is markable with water-soluble ink and is sold as 10 per pack.
Many past and present United States historical figures have served in the navy. Notable officers include , ( officer and first flag officer of the United States Navy), , (whose "don't give up the ship" are memorialized in at the ), , , , , (whose forced the ), (the only person in the history of the United States to have attained the rank of Admiral of the Navy), and the officers who attained the rank of Fleet Admiral during World War II: , , , and .